In skincare, appropriate exfoliation, or sloughing of the dead skin cells, is very healthy for the skin and should be a part of the home care program. Exfoliation promotes circulation and blood flow allowing the skin to breathe. Also, it prepares the skin for better absorption and penetration of nourishing ingredients. The products used will depend on skin types including such factors as age, seasonal and hormonal changes, health, lifestyles, sensitivities and allergies, and budget. Some exfoliants are limited to professional use only, generally for the safety of the consumer.
There are two types of exfoliants ~
Mechanical exfoliants are of numerous types, some more aggressive than others. Crushed seeds, sugar grains, baking soda, oatmeal, and jojoba beads are often more gentle and mixed with other ingredients that can easily be applied to the skin for appropriate application. A Clarisonic brush would be a bit more aggressive, the microdermabrasion and laser resurfacing are the most aggressive. All can be manipulated for desired outcomes. A mechanical exfoliation would include the Gommage by Phytomer or, for something more aggressive, the Micro-Derm Ultra Exfoliating Scrub by Epicuren is extremely popular.
Chemical would include acids and enzymes. Acids disrupt the mortar (glue) between the Bricks (cells) allowing the dead skin cells to slough off. Enzymes, generally active plant base, dissolve or digest the dead skin cells much like the pac-man games, kind of gobbles them up! We recommend the Vegetal Peel by Phytomer for an enzyme that is great for all skin types. Another product we love is the Active Serum by iS Clinical for an at home acid.
Acids may include ~
- AHA ~ Alpha hydroxy acid (glycolic acid, lactic acid, tartaric acid, ect.)
- BHA ~ Beta hydroxy acid (salicylic acid)
- TCA ~ Trichloroacetic acid
- Retinol acids ~ Vitamin A
Enzymes may include ~
- Papain ~ from papaya
- Bromelian ~ from pineapple
- Seaweeds ~ brown seaweeds
We suggest exfoliating 1-2 times a week, depending on skin type and desired results of course. For recommended product and appropriate usage consult with our professional skin care specialist. Be open minded and try a few different exfoliants ~ you’ll have favorites and your skin will talk to you!