Everyone is born with a skin type that is determined by genetics and ethnicity. Skin types are based on how much oil is produced in the follicle. The four types are dry, combination, oily, and normal. No matter what type of skin we have we must take care of it. A proper regimen will consist of cleansing, exfoliating, and hydrating. It is essential that we understand each type so we know what products to use not only on ourselves but on a client when they come in for a service. We do not want to make any conditions worse or create any new issues.
Dry skin, also known as alipidic lacks oil, has small pores, and appears thin. Natural oil helps protect us from damage and aging, but dry skin will need extra care because it doesn’t have this normal protection. Normal skin has a good balance, but can differ from a little oily or a little dry. It has normal pores, no breakouts, and a medium texture. Maintaining this balance is the objective in this skin type. Combination skin can be a mix of oily, dry, and normal. The T-zone is normally oily, but outer edges can be normal or even dry. Pore size will be large in the T-zone and medium on the outside. Lastly, oily skin or lipidic creates excessive oil. This type will have large pores and thick skin texture.
When giving a facial we need to understand each person’s skin so you can use the right products. If a person has oily skin we don’t want to use a heavy cream cleanser because that would clog the pores even more. Vice versa we wouldn’t want to use a combination gel cleanser on dry skin because that would strip the little oil the skin does have. It is very important to perform a skin analysis to identify any conditions and contraindications. It is best to use a magnifying light so you can see the skin up close and you can also use your fingers to feel for roughness or congestion.
Using a proper treatment line should help the skin look its best. We must educate clients on products and ingredients to correlate with their skin type. Also make sure to give them information on home care. We want to make sure they aren’t exfoliating too much and are cleansing twice a day. After having all this knowledge we can be confident in treating our clients and giving them an excellent treatment.
|Dry Skin (alipidic)||Normal Skin||Oily Skin (Lipidic)|
|Lacks oil||Normal pores||Large pores|
|Has small pores||No breakouts||More breakouts|
|Appears thin||Medium texture||Thick skin texture|
|Mix of oily, dry, and normal|
|T-zone is normally oily, outer edges are dry or normal|
|Pore sizes are large in T-zone & medium on outside|