Estrogens, also referred to as Oestrogens are steroid compounds that are important for women’s development and reproductive functioning. The name comes from the Latin term estrus/oistros meaning period of fertility for female mammals and gen/gonos meaning to generate
The scientific structure of Estrogen was first isolated in 1929 and approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1942 for treatment of menopausal symptoms. Estrogens come in a wide variety of forms, but for the purpose of this article we will focus on the three most common.
The three most dominant or common estrogens (hormones) are; estrodiol, estrone and estriol.
- Estrodiol, also known as Oestradial is produced primarily in the ovaries and is the most dominant and active of the estrogens. It can also be produced in the adrenal glands through different pathways or conversion process. Estradiol levels vary throughout the menstrual cycle, with levels being highest just before ovulation. It’s considered to be a sex hormone and has a critical impact on the reproductive organs and bone development.
- Estrone, the weakest of the estrogens is formed by estrodiol and is produced in the ovaries and fat cells of the abdomen. After menopause estrone becomes the primary estrogen. Studies have indicated that estrone may be the cause of estrogen’s cancer-causing properties and sometimes referred to as the “bad” estrogen.
- Estriol is weaker than estrodiol, is produced in the liver, and is the primary estrogen during pregnancy. Estriol is considered the “good” estrogen as it may help to prevent cancer.
The effects of estrogen on the skin are primarily seen in post-menopausal women, and research has indicated that the skin levels or thickness can vary during the menstrual cycle. The loss of estrogen (or following the menopause phase) may cause hypoestrogenism, thinner skin, increase and depth of wrinkles, increased skin dryness and decreased skin elasticity and firmness. Presently, there are many studies being conducted that are focused around estrogen and hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Through technology and research the future looks promising! The good news is, you can make adjustments to your diet and lifestyle to improve the quality of your skin over time.
Estrogens are used as a part of some oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapies (HRT), and other treatment for disorders of the endocrine system. Estrogen may increase the risk of developing endometrial cancer (cancer of the uterine lining), a higher risk of heart attacks, strokes and blood clots. Therefore, if you are considering using an estrogen product for one of the reasons mentioned or for any other reason, consult with your physician. Be sure to know all the risks and what products are best for your particular situation.
Healthy Skin. Healthy Lifestyle.